Production Facility

The Circular Economy of Waste Processing using Maggots

PT Maggot Center Pasuruan

1. No Poverty 4. Quality Education 8. Decent Work and Economic Growth 11. Sustainable Cities and Communities

Overview

MCP is a company that concerns with organic waste processing using the BIKOMAG methodology or bioconversion by Maggot Black Soldier Fly. BIKOMAG has been proven very effective in processing organic trash or waste to produce fresh maggot, dry maggot, and kasgot which can be integrated into the fishery sector, stockbreeding sector, and agriculture sector.

Author

Weki Widjaja

Weki Widjaja

School

IPMI International Business School

IPMI International Business School

Professor

Amelia Naim Indrajaya

Amelia Naim Indrajaya

Innovation

MCP is a company that concerns with organic waste processing using the BIKOMAG methodology or bioconversion by Maggot Black Soldier Fly. BIKOMAG has been proven very effective in processing organic trash or waste to produce fresh maggot, dry maggot, and kasgot which can be integrated into the fishery sector, stockbreeding sector, and agriculture sector.

The adult Black Soldier Fly will generate eggs, and the eggs will become baby maggot. The farmers will then feed the baby maggot with organic waste. A baby maggot will grow to become an adult maggot. The farmers then will harvest the adult maggot to become the end product of fresh maggot and dry maggot. The maggot will also generate waste that can be used as organic fertilizer called Kasgot. The product of fresh maggot and dry maggot is usually used as feeds for fishery and chicken breeding industry, due to their high content.

For every 10 grams of seeds of Maggot BSF is able to process 62,5 kg of organic waste for each life cycle. The egg maggots will consume the organic waste and convert it to body mass. MCP has been processing tens of thousands of tons of organic waste since 2020.

MCP’s organic waste processing facilities are located in the sub-village of Puntir, village of Martopuro, sub-district of Purwosari, district of Pasuruan, Province of East Java, Indonesia. There are 15 points locations to process the organic waste using the BIKOMAG method in that area. MCP get the supply of organic waste mostly from TPS 3R (Tempat Pembuangan Sampah / Trash Disposal Center), one of the largest milk producer in Indonesia, the Fresh Markets, housing areas, and Islamic boarding schools.

MCP also applies the plasma model to its operation. MCP will help the plasma farmers to obtain organic waste, help the plasma farmers how to grow the maggots, and finally purchase all the harvest of the plasma farmers. The plasma farmers were also taught to grow other commodities such as catfish or chicken farms. Recently, already approximately 100 farmers joined MCP as plasma farmers. Together, their production reached 15 tons per month.

MCP has also invited people who are interested in maggots cultivation to come, learn and replicate from them. There were approximately 1000 people who visited MCP to learn about who comes from the academic world, business, government, and community.

The Circular Economy of Waste Processing using Maggots

Maggots Life Cycle

Inspiration

MCP started during the pandemic in 2020, it was a time of great anxiety since many people suddenly became jobless and lost their regular income while daily basic needs should be fulfilled. Activity outside was highly restricted, and road blockades were everywhere. Mr. Kholis and his friends then contemplated how to overcome the situation. They discussed among themselves what kind of business that could help them in this critical time, a kind that was low cost; fast and had small risk. They finally decided to become maggots cultivators since maggot farms met the requirement of low cost; fast; and small risk.

When they started, there were other people who also did the same. And then more and more people become maggots, farmers. Since there were many people becoming maggots farmers, the organic garbage to feed the maggots became harder to get, they had to scramble to race to obtain the organic waste from the source such as the fresh markets, trash disposal centers, and housing areas.

Mr. Kholis then gathered their contact numbers and contacted them for a gathering. It turned out that all the people had a similar problem, they just started to become maggot farmers to satisfy their basic needs. During the gathering, they discussed the solutions to the garbage collection problem. Then they all agree to form a community center for maggots and they called it Maggot Center Pasuruan. Basically, it is the community of individual garbage collectors who were having difficulty in life and having difficulty in collecting garbage due to the limited supply.

Later on, this community was introduced to a charity foundation, this charity foundation then introduced them to District Government Environmental Agency, and this agency then introduced them to industry. One of them was one of the largest milk producers in Indonesia. These companies then agreed to supply MCP with the organic waste they generated. MCP then was able to secure a supply of raw materials from these companies. Furthermore, more and more companies were willing to contribute raw materials to MCP, however, they required MCP to have legality on the business. MCP then transformed into a limited liability company to satisfy this requirement with Mr. Kholis acting as the director of the company.

Overall impact

Maggots harvested were mainly used for animal feeds for fishery, bird, duck, and chicken farms. It contains higher protein compared to other animal feeds, then makes the animal more nutritious. More and more animal industries were interesting in using maggots as feed.

This MCP operation model creates the circular economy model in that area. Somebody else’s trash becomes the main source of raw material for MCP. MCP will then use that trash as raw material to generate maggots. Maggots then will be harvested and sold as animal feeds and organic fertilizer. The animals fed by maggots and plants fertilized by kasgot will finally be consumed by the consumers. The consumers will eventually generate another trash, and the circular process will start again. In the process, MCP also involves the plasma farmers in the area to contribute and the plasma farmers will get additional income and become consumers that eventually generate trash and become the actors in the circular economy.

Business benefit

Innovation has become the core business of the company. Based on his observations, MCP will be able to secure more raw materials sources easily and the market for its products is very large. MCP in the near future also will integrate maggots business with animal farming harvests, such as fish products, chicken products, and poultry products. Mr. Kholis envisioned that MCP will become a large company and be able to employ more people and able to have more plasma farmers in the future. Mr. Kholis also believes that many investors will be interested in the business and together they will be able to grow the company and contribute significantly to society and the environment while making a good profit out of it.

Social and environmental benefit

By developing the business model, MCP has contributed significantly to the community. Many people that were lacking economically due to the pandemic joined MCP as plasma farmers. By joining MCP they were able to improve the economy of their households. Recently, already approximately 100 farmers joined MCP as plasma farmers. Together, their production reached 15 tons per month.

MCP has also been a place for people who are interested in maggots cultivation to learn and replicate them. There were approximately 1000 people who had visited MCP during the covid era to learn and they come from the academic world, business, government, and community.

Maggots' cultivation process has been proven to effectively reduce waste significantly in the Pasuruan area (as cited by the Pasuruan Government https://www.pasuruankab.go.id/berita-6600-terbukti-kurangi-timbunan-sampah-budidaya-maggot-di-kabupaten-pasuruan-semakin-diminati.html). For every 10 grams of seeds of Maggot BSF able to process 62,5 kg organic waste for each life cycle. The egg maggots will consume the organic waste and convert it into its body mass. MCP has been processing tens of thousands of tons of organic waste since 2020.

Mr. Kholis also gave an important point during the interview: “Please be responsible for your garbage, our garbage is our asset. Garbage has been able to help us survive during the pandemic, please take care of your garbage responsibly.” He also offers other who wants to learn about maggot farming to contact him at +62 856 709 3149 or [email protected]

Interview

M Kholis Akbar, Director

Photo of interviewee

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PT Maggot Center Pasuruan

PT Maggot Center Pasuruan

Pasuruan, East Java, ID

Business Website: https://www.instagram.com/maggot_centerpasuruan/?hl=en

Year Founded: 2020

Number of Employees: 2 to 10

PT Maggot Center Pasuruan (MCP) is a sustainable business entity in Pasuruan, East Java, Indonesia, that focus on organic waste processing using the method of Bikomag (Bio Conversion by Maggots). Its products are fresh maggot, dry maggot, and kasgot which are used in fishery, stockbreeding, and agriculture industries. In producing the maggot, PT MCP has been empowering the local communities and collaborating with them as the Maggot Farmers thus creating a circular economy.